Patrick, Warren A. (ed.) / Show world
(April 4, 1908)
Gilmore, George J.
The moving picture operator: news, views, and discussions, pp. 26-28
THE SHOW WORLD MOVING PICTUR OPERATOR BY qEORGE J.X.1LMOE. F tU~t- n tt-lltlt al answlrs to quF in hihnmvn picture * oper- ator should be able to answer, in order to qualify for a license. The first twenty- five answers appeared int a recent issue. 26. How long hive you been operating? Have Ou yet attained that degree of per- fection Ithich will permiit of your engaging In conversation whtite attetdintg to y-our du- ties? No matter how long you have oper- ated, the sign should read, "No Visitors Alloted." 27. That is tile cause of film drying out and curling? Extreme beat in operatitg room; poor ventilation. 2S. Do you thinh oiling the film a good ccirtedy for this evil? Nothing will reatore Ithe flexibility of the film, once it is dried out. 29. Hale you an errtd boy eapable of handling the machine while vou are called altal tmoraltariy? Attend to your own Iosiness, an d allow no one to handle the machine but y0urself. 30. Do xou tltinlk it necessary to wind up reel after the last show of the evening, or leave it unwound in lank-box over night? T itti tip filt im m.teditely. t1. Supposing -ou iave a reel of filmt int first-tilas condition with the perforations register in- accurately how do lou account fot it goig off fiod Sprneket? Tie principal Cause of this lies lIt poorl t constrcjted, loil- sided reels feeding ite filmt, in in uncer- itilt mttteror tile loot hanger carrying tite reel being out of inte twith fetd sirocket. s2. How long will it take to ignite film1 at rest il the framer: exposed to the con- centrated rays of arc tamtrp? It depends upon the aiperage at lamp, and ieat gen- erated; in less than 15 seconds, in most cases. 33I. What sort of device do you lse to shut off light from film? There should be a blalccd shutter, dropping of its own wlteglt. w4. Do you control same with a foot- treadle or voiglit? It should be controlled by oeans of the foot. 3t. Would oi depend on light shut-off in ease of a itmisitan. or stop mlachine and null tite switeh? PEring into action the light shut-off at once. sh Io nowla t manner (o i 011 10 attb slttt1l-Off txliile tite inaciie is ill Ioltrtiooti 3y pressure of the 0foot. i7 save_ o r discovered flaws in tile construction of your iubiine, and changed same to me e t vour views by removitg rOtl- ers ott mngazie,. or reloving light shut-off, substiltuting something cise? No: the manu- factsrersm of imachin know more about Ima- chlites titan ott do. ts ine Tht do you knoo about Ia tcinry? An operator should know the principle of a mOving picture iladhine by enreful study. 30. Do 3ou flin a vise, anvil and hammer useftil futrnishints for the operating room? Following is a list of what should consti- tlite anil oprator's kit: A smnill machinist hamIor: tattle vise: siall round file, to scrnp grit fron carbon clanis; large od sttlill sclelw drivers; Lao tiairs Of plyers: tong and side cutters: pair of scissors: all principal parts of larmp and mecliansm; bottle of good flm cement. 40. Have youl discovered a movement wichel )_ou think< to be, an .improvement Over that used int standard mkes of nov- ing picture mtachines? If vou have, go and perfect it, and dont talk, about it. 41. Should your film back iti thrloitgh otn nin tank bo hol do ln ireetit it front ext ottIdittg itaci to I111p itolse? 1(000p your eye on it all the time. feeding it lito tank-bo should occaston demanrt. 4t. Have thte manufacturers of itichines covered al these points. so all that is iloOs- sart is to start and stop itracritte? Te htave tiot. The competn operator is Ie IvIlo tasles tip the malitile's ieficiencics- -1t1. Sitri105loll we-re 011e1ating otviore, lthe hostae lights arc deowo stairs, conltrolled by dIono`runin and there sbelild htaptpen to 110 a ollt "rta110 is the asidionce. 11011t yotI stopl machine. leaving house in iiarkness. and go to site assistance of the doormoan? While tite ox itolcent Its at its height if sollne one , tt otd cry "Fire'" Ivltat xvoutld you do -throw on 1ou10 lights or again start the show? You should throw on bolise ligtis. no matter what the cause of ex- citenlolt. 44. What is the differente otwleen alter- nating anad direct current? Direct eurrent is constant, travelin from generator over positive wire, returning to its souree over negative wire. Alternating current is not constant; it is forced from ceneraior In al- tsrnitions hich vary accordintg to the con- st r uction and horse power of generator. Oct tie three-wire system we utave two foed ItO (two outide wires), wxith the iottaI (coentedr wi10 to grotutd, as negastive. giv- itte 110 xoItx ftots cutter sine to ground antd 95101 voltIs 00 ttlO feed wvires. 45. lWhiob ti S f1 ,bss for Pietlri" itiactiit workt Dirst or coanlantn caurrelt is tl easiest Itandi cd. STbitlv 1 0 n good resutt may tie obtniied with the alternatin eul r- ront. proviling it is lar ssid tI- orllo. 46i. Does ctirrent travel tlir oiuth, on or aint t wire? it travel On vire, 47. What is ciin amIiro cdi -11it rota- tiott to it to axolt An an.terc is tite unit of flow. the volt the unit of pressure or horse nower. 4q. How matny amperes would you retire to obtain a satisfactory liilt tusinla diroct iurrent projecting the average distance. s.y 55 feet? At 110 volts, onstant current. "0 tnmpers should giv a brillint iigt at it feet. with proper ad.iustiet of carbont, attd all apourtenlances being equal. 411. Would you use the sane amount on an alternating circuit? No, to seture 11i same result with alternatitg culrrentt would reoutire 40 amperes. tO( What is a rheostat? rAil arailge-- mto of coiled resistance i! c-ae lo of withstanding intense beat. q1. What is it used for? To allow a cer- tain amount, or stream. of current to reach a given point. Without a chec of this de- scriptiont thle result woIld I a flood of current. 52. What do you consider the essential points to a rheostat? It should contain sitfiient of tile Proper kind, correct size of restitance wire, figured and tested out: binding posts and all connoections should have tihe same expansion and contraction as wire itself. It siould be well ventilated and segregated from all coimbustible mate- rial in fact treated as a source of heat. 5-. Do 1ou approve of an adjutable or fixed resistance? In most cases a fixed ieistance is preferable, if it is instlled Corelctly originally, unless there is a vans- tioil in the voltage. i . -hat causes the wire connected to inCling posts on rheostat to burn off? By tho orronous use of small, light lire in comipleting conections; improper and de- 1iciont resistance. 55, Do you consider the ticket box a proper place for rheostat? It is not; the terstat should be set where the heat will railate in open air. 6. TVhat size wire would you use to con- duct 40 amperes? -Number G. 57. Suppose you had all aoperago and no voltago, wiat size wire would you use? This is an utter impossibilit. T'e are it receipt of a letter fromt E. 1. ITarrison, Pitil Engineer of the nttitid States Department of Agriculture, Forest Serric, 'at Sutte, Mont., requesting a complete lilt of te Custielitons propiounid in this t ot Limn, and the atnswes thereto. TWe wish to state to Mr. Harrison, and miant ot-rs wI-o have imade likc rtue-t, that cnmplete act of ans-ers will be published in I'HE SHOW WORLtD. A new device Ithtieh is attracting con- siderable attention is the Hallbtr Auto- mtatic Electric Fconomizer. It is saii tiat the savittg ot dii-t t curet O---is, tlst oie a liettin rt e xx ve s t a -t Chicago, are the sole xtestern agents. Producers in New Quarters. The main offiees of Kilroy & Britton. theatrical proiucers, have been tritsforrett from the Grand Opera H-louse building to the Tribune building, Chicago. Theairicals at Little Rock, Ark. A cniany hs ben formtte.i ttt Ittle Etckl Ark.. headed by Frank TI-att otner of the Air Domte of Hlot Sprints, for the nurpose of erecting and runin an \ir Deali at Sittte hiock 1uring, on 11n0 0011 s1uoTonc y ork itas already ccl...i..t.itell ll Ie building and withitt a montth, il Air Dome will be comnleted. It it arn'nced that nothing but first-cl:ss vaui ille nets etill be presented. It is also ruiored that 0. T. C-wfolt? of St. Louis. Mo., oroprietor of tite G-eti th-ater of that city, and several movilz pilture thnters in tile "oul is to uih . stunm r tlheatcc at tte1i t-I and tre o111 latitelillo nets, of int it le - cits. tIr. Crawford is rnr senitot in little Rock by F. Lng, miane0r of tlie Orpheumn. Peter Ifirtz Still With Tots. Petor Hirtz. for imany years ftair Inas- tr of Barnum & Pailet- PiP Sialt riuritn their foreigi tour, aid wl1 suec -iar1 10 that nosition after the dealtt of itron lnse. itas di-cit1od to nostite life t-il tie Vttoite Tonts. -titt Ia uttlst tis leasOti inl ctuarge of the Buiffalo Pill wiid West tr ains Cooke With Buffilo Bill. itrnost Cooko, manager of niuffalo Pills 'Ivild i'r'est for several years plrior to the visit of that shlowt aroittill -ttxI,, of 1,010 x-rs ttas b-oc identified xillt Ptrttit - H Gly' reatest Sthow oil Esrtb !,as I- attied Iiis coonectionoithii tile WViltS Wiest -td xwill aiaii be found at the front iI hi old position as manager next season. Great Acrobtitic Feat. Oscar Lotanti, with tAillie Sinms sid iltlianI Taimcsoin, acoamnlished the feat of turning sonersault from sioulner to stoulder while ridinig iors rnintting tan- ticro tarehrnok at Poadina. Tss- otrh 1. STe al-o. while ridingE his prntiit irse1 tid a hand to iand stanl, Iatti staini on iis tthant. standig ot his beand. balning 1li person and also doiing tbw foot in tite innd onl his shoulders. Thu lst imentiloetI four feats Mr. Lowanio did witi his father. mid they have never boen accomplished before. Anna Oluey Touring the South. littl Onlcius tit- tile shot frortlv ovit loIiffIlo Pill's Wvild INcasSioi is toitritlI tte tn. s gtittg otitialis te the 'It- retion of t o ii S in Prtrice eoti-iitit Site is acoitloanl It- Plt't ntall il. Kerr. Otre i-Mixwoll Cn. n T ntblbonI c FM . 1Ptierw Ste all- Ilsrai at .P1humlillS ttiss. last 11001. St. Touis Amusement Company Scores, The St. Louis Amusoment onntilany. w-ith belir hit carnivlt attiatison itayl Meri- ti atn, Miss., last week. Undeti r thI , nble imanaeient of E. W. Wenver til comanilytlV i natiog with lig success. and ws 01- nerially toll received at Mobil,, Ala- - r- i1 tht Mtardi Prns and at Moon.n. Miss Mtike otllch is int advance of the show. Stock Join 101 Ranch Shtow, itarles Sanek, wIo has it-id etlr'- of thll lights lvith the Barinm & ile- S for the past twcenty-eight v0nrs has thte ditiirl- lion of Iint the l oltest supinttltidti of lict itt tile cicettis -Itdti Silt StotI 11,9 accented a nosition IthIl the Millor Pros. 1It Punch Wild West qhaw and will nteraite the Bolte & Pry0or Ligh ts for the cnnming season. The EdisonIN Manufacturing Co. Holds Letters Patent from the The United States Government covering the making of motion picture films. Under this patent the following manufac- turers have been licensed by the Edison Manufac- turing Co. to make and sell films. Essanay Company Kalem Company Siegmund Lubin George Melies Pathe Freres Selig Polyscope Company Vitagraph Company of America IT Edison Alanufacturing Company p1 1 ; th it 115t of it abil- ity to asseit its right to the Edison patents. md to ni riout all itfingers, wlit er tiey my I1e located. Suits have already been filed and others willIt e o-n-isi. Thp Edison \Janufactulingq ColPany stanid hlhind all its licensees, and will t- titat te' are fullY prottletd in alnY patent suits wit-Ih may be bNought ai-ainstI them1 for usinli icttned motion pittures made by an one of if s re0 Ili licens os. The Edison patents have been recognized by its licensees as dominating tho-art iof lking motiont pli s, ani royilties under them aie being paid. These ianufactneis would certainly not paY ioyallies if iley were not con- vinted that i1 .ltdiso pisntens wer, Valid td td to be recognized. The Edoo~f oln nufmcturilf,ng 'mpany luis onlyv hlnensedmauiter who ale tp le of ro ing fir st-iais films. I0 i-d-ison patents sland t the vei foundlation of the husiness. The Edison Mitufaturing Cmilsany will vigorotusly prosecute all rentels and ex- hibitors landling inftinging films. WVhile, under its leal aid onstitutional alithority als the owner of the Edion pitetis, the Edisont Atntfacituing Company mialit ave lawfully imt- pisd conlitions and limitations hlich would hae been -irastic, it is only seekinto il exortise its ritis int the prenilses to the -dent of enforcing suith tnlitions as will iilre to the 1 est int-rosts of the bus-ness. The conditions ,hih w hiavo imposed will Iwithout doubt be of great adntiltage to the exhibitors, as tile. will obli e tile exchniiges to gie bette- service and will pievent them from reliting films for more than a limited time. This is bound to imean a wonderful timprovemint over present conditions. Destructive and inbusinesslike competition aiong ile exchanges itt tie effort to secure new business, involving the renting of reels below tih,, atual cost of the service, has made it necestsary to keep on the market wtorn-out and damaged films that have long since lost their usefulness. Every one having the vital interest of tthe business at heart must knIow that if the public is to lie instructed and aiused it must lie by the tise of films of high quality, in good condition, and of novel and ingeniosls objects. The exchanges of this cotmtry (who have recently formed al associa- tion under the name of the Film Servie Association), itve admitited that Ithe conditions imposed by our licensees represent lthe only possible way to save the business of the oxhibitor anid it e\xtlin s ftom ruin. For this reason they have decided to use exu---e-- l-- - niotion ictit-s manu- factured under the Edison patents. Edison Manufacturin".g Company Main Office and Factory 74 Lakeside Ave., = Orange, N. J. New York Office, 10 Fifth Ave. Chicago Office, 304 Wabash Ave. Office for United Kingdom, 25 Clerkenwell Road, London, E. C., England. SELLING AGENTS The Kinetograph Co., 41 East 21st St., New York George Breck, 550-554 Grove St., San E rancisco, Cal. Exhibitors are Warned that the use of films other than those licensed by us Will subject them to suits for injunction and dam= ages, and for past and future profits. 26 April4,190 ---- -*** ..* Real Es; W KN T litl lttit